Pile Type

 

 

Pile types and underlay

Cut Pile:Twist Pile – A twist carpet is where the yarn is tightly twisted and often heatset to retain this feature. It is a hard wearing and durable carpet and is prone less to showing the effects of shading and marks.

Velvet Pile – (Sometimes referred to velour or plush carpet) Velvet pile carpets are luxurious with a close cut pile carpet and smooth feel. The carpets tend to shade more easily due to the pile lying in a different direction reflecting the light differently.

Saxony Pile – Saxony textures are a combination of a longer and denser pile with a soft feel. Saxony textures show footprints and vacuum marks. More textured and tighter variations improve the practicality of saxonies.

Frieze – Freize carpets are similar to saxony but the yarns are more tightly twisted and should always be heat set. They have a dense low pile surface which creates a coarse, pebbly texture. Frieze carpets are very durable and hide foot prints,dust and dirt which makes them great for heavy traffic areas.

Shag pile – The characteristic of shag pile carpets relates to the length of pile up to 50mm long. The carpet gives a luxury look and soft feel but is prone to flattening which means the carpet is more suitable for occasional rooms.

Loop Pile:

Loop Pile Berber – A durable construction variable in natural or berber flecked colours. The loops are made from thick or bulky yarns of wool, Polypropylene or a blend of these fibres to give a cushioned effect underfoot.

Level loop – When all the loops are the same height, a highly flexible and durable carpet in natural colours and is commonly made in synthetic fibres. The tight loop textures tend to hide the marks so are extremely practical.

Multi Level loop – The loops vary to two or sometimes three loop heights to create informal random textures which are very forgiving for marks and stains and therefore very suitable for high traffic areas and busy family rooms.